VolumeManager.cpp revision 4ba8948dc16463053e21cda5744f519a555080d0
1/*
2 * Copyright (C) 2008 The Android Open Source Project
3 *
4 * Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
5 * you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
6 * You may obtain a copy of the License at
7 *
8 *      http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
9 *
10 * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
11 * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
12 * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
13 * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
14 * limitations under the License.
15 */
16
17#include <stdio.h>
18#include <stdlib.h>
19#include <string.h>
20#include <errno.h>
21#include <fcntl.h>
22#include <sys/stat.h>
23#include <sys/types.h>
24#include <sys/mount.h>
25
26#include <linux/kdev_t.h>
27
28#define LOG_TAG "Vold"
29
30#include <cutils/log.h>
31
32#include <sysutils/NetlinkEvent.h>
33
34#include "VolumeManager.h"
35#include "DirectVolume.h"
36#include "ResponseCode.h"
37#include "Loop.h"
38#include "Fat.h"
39#include "Devmapper.h"
40#include "Process.h"
41
42VolumeManager *VolumeManager::sInstance = NULL;
43
44VolumeManager *VolumeManager::Instance() {
45    if (!sInstance)
46        sInstance = new VolumeManager();
47    return sInstance;
48}
49
50VolumeManager::VolumeManager() {
51    mBlockDevices = new BlockDeviceCollection();
52    mVolumes = new VolumeCollection();
53    mActiveContainers = new AsecIdCollection();
54    mBroadcaster = NULL;
55    mUsbMassStorageConnected = false;
56}
57
58VolumeManager::~VolumeManager() {
59    delete mBlockDevices;
60    delete mVolumes;
61    delete mActiveContainers;
62}
63
64int VolumeManager::start() {
65    return 0;
66}
67
68int VolumeManager::stop() {
69    return 0;
70}
71
72int VolumeManager::addVolume(Volume *v) {
73    mVolumes->push_back(v);
74    return 0;
75}
76
77void VolumeManager::notifyUmsConnected(bool connected) {
78    char msg[255];
79
80    if (connected) {
81        mUsbMassStorageConnected = true;
82    } else {
83        mUsbMassStorageConnected = false;
84    }
85    snprintf(msg, sizeof(msg), "Share method ums now %s",
86             (connected ? "available" : "unavailable"));
87
88    getBroadcaster()->sendBroadcast(ResponseCode::ShareAvailabilityChange,
89                                    msg, false);
90}
91
92void VolumeManager::handleSwitchEvent(NetlinkEvent *evt) {
93    const char *devpath = evt->findParam("DEVPATH");
94    const char *name = evt->findParam("SWITCH_NAME");
95    const char *state = evt->findParam("SWITCH_STATE");
96
97    if (!name || !state) {
98        LOGW("Switch %s event missing name/state info", devpath);
99        return;
100    }
101
102    if (!strcmp(name, "usb_mass_storage")) {
103
104        if (!strcmp(state, "online"))  {
105            notifyUmsConnected(true);
106        } else {
107            notifyUmsConnected(false);
108        }
109    } else {
110        LOGW("Ignoring unknown switch '%s'", name);
111    }
112}
113
114void VolumeManager::handleBlockEvent(NetlinkEvent *evt) {
115    const char *devpath = evt->findParam("DEVPATH");
116
117    /* Lookup a volume to handle this device */
118    VolumeCollection::iterator it;
119    bool hit = false;
120    for (it = mVolumes->begin(); it != mVolumes->end(); ++it) {
121        if (!(*it)->handleBlockEvent(evt)) {
122#ifdef NETLINK_DEBUG
123            LOGD("Device '%s' event handled by volume %s\n", devpath, (*it)->getLabel());
124#endif
125            hit = true;
126            break;
127        }
128    }
129
130    if (!hit) {
131#ifdef NETLINK_DEBUG
132        LOGW("No volumes handled block event for '%s'", devpath);
133#endif
134    }
135}
136
137int VolumeManager::listVolumes(SocketClient *cli) {
138    VolumeCollection::iterator i;
139
140    for (i = mVolumes->begin(); i != mVolumes->end(); ++i) {
141        char *buffer;
142        asprintf(&buffer, "%s %s %d",
143                 (*i)->getLabel(), (*i)->getMountpoint(),
144                 (*i)->getState());
145        cli->sendMsg(ResponseCode::VolumeListResult, buffer, false);
146        free(buffer);
147    }
148    cli->sendMsg(ResponseCode::CommandOkay, "Volumes listed.", false);
149    return 0;
150}
151
152int VolumeManager::formatVolume(const char *label) {
153    Volume *v = lookupVolume(label);
154
155    if (!v) {
156        errno = ENOENT;
157        return -1;
158    }
159
160    return v->formatVol();
161}
162
163int VolumeManager::getAsecMountPath(const char *id, char *buffer, int maxlen) {
164    char mountPoint[255];
165
166    snprintf(mountPoint, sizeof(mountPoint), "/asec/%s", id);
167    snprintf(buffer, maxlen, "/asec/%s", id);
168    return 0;
169}
170
171int VolumeManager::createAsec(const char *id, unsigned int numSectors,
172                              const char *fstype, const char *key, int ownerUid) {
173
174    if (numSectors < ((1024*1024)/512)) {
175        LOGE("Invalid container size specified (%d sectors)", numSectors);
176        errno = EINVAL;
177        return -1;
178    }
179
180    mkdir("/sdcard/android_secure", 0777);
181
182    if (lookupVolume(id)) {
183        LOGE("ASEC volume '%s' currently exists", id);
184        errno = EADDRINUSE;
185        return -1;
186    }
187
188    char asecFileName[255];
189    snprintf(asecFileName, sizeof(asecFileName),
190             "/sdcard/android_secure/%s.asec", id);
191
192    if (!access(asecFileName, F_OK)) {
193        LOGE("ASEC file '%s' currently exists - destroy it first! (%s)",
194             asecFileName, strerror(errno));
195        errno = EADDRINUSE;
196        return -1;
197    }
198
199    if (Loop::createImageFile(asecFileName, numSectors)) {
200        LOGE("ASEC image file creation failed (%s)", strerror(errno));
201        return -1;
202    }
203
204    char loopDevice[255];
205    if (Loop::create(asecFileName, loopDevice, sizeof(loopDevice))) {
206        LOGE("ASEC loop device creation failed (%s)", strerror(errno));
207        unlink(asecFileName);
208        return -1;
209    }
210
211    char dmDevice[255];
212    bool cleanupDm = false;
213
214    if (strcmp(key, "none")) {
215        if (Devmapper::create(id, loopDevice, key, numSectors, dmDevice,
216                             sizeof(dmDevice))) {
217            LOGE("ASEC device mapping failed (%s)", strerror(errno));
218            Loop::destroyByDevice(loopDevice);
219            unlink(asecFileName);
220            return -1;
221        }
222        cleanupDm = true;
223    } else {
224        strcpy(dmDevice, loopDevice);
225    }
226
227    if (Fat::format(dmDevice)) {
228        LOGE("ASEC FAT format failed (%s)", strerror(errno));
229        if (cleanupDm) {
230            Devmapper::destroy(id);
231        }
232        Loop::destroyByDevice(loopDevice);
233        unlink(asecFileName);
234        return -1;
235    }
236
237    char mountPoint[255];
238
239    snprintf(mountPoint, sizeof(mountPoint), "/asec/%s", id);
240    if (mkdir(mountPoint, 0777)) {
241        if (errno != EEXIST) {
242            LOGE("Mountpoint creation failed (%s)", strerror(errno));
243            if (cleanupDm) {
244                Devmapper::destroy(id);
245            }
246            Loop::destroyByDevice(loopDevice);
247            unlink(asecFileName);
248            return -1;
249        }
250    }
251
252    if (Fat::doMount(dmDevice, mountPoint, false, false, ownerUid,
253                     0, 0000, false)) {
254//                     0, 0007, false)) {
255        LOGE("ASEC FAT mount failed (%s)", strerror(errno));
256        if (cleanupDm) {
257            Devmapper::destroy(id);
258        }
259        Loop::destroyByDevice(loopDevice);
260        unlink(asecFileName);
261        return -1;
262    }
263
264    mActiveContainers->push_back(strdup(id));
265    return 0;
266}
267
268int VolumeManager::finalizeAsec(const char *id) {
269    char asecFileName[255];
270    char loopDevice[255];
271    char mountPoint[255];
272
273    snprintf(asecFileName, sizeof(asecFileName),
274             "/sdcard/android_secure/%s.asec", id);
275
276    if (Loop::lookupActive(asecFileName, loopDevice, sizeof(loopDevice))) {
277        LOGE("Unable to finalize %s (%s)", id, strerror(errno));
278        return -1;
279    }
280
281    snprintf(mountPoint, sizeof(mountPoint), "/asec/%s", id);
282    // XXX:
283    if (Fat::doMount(loopDevice, mountPoint, true, true, 0, 0, 0227, false)) {
284        LOGE("ASEC finalize mount failed (%s)", strerror(errno));
285        return -1;
286    }
287
288    LOGD("ASEC %s finalized", id);
289    return 0;
290}
291
292int VolumeManager::renameAsec(const char *id1, const char *id2) {
293    char *asecFilename1;
294    char *asecFilename2;
295    char mountPoint[255];
296
297    asprintf(&asecFilename1, "/sdcard/android_secure/%s.asec", id1);
298    asprintf(&asecFilename2, "/sdcard/android_secure/%s.asec", id2);
299
300    snprintf(mountPoint, sizeof(mountPoint), "/asec/%s", id1);
301    if (isMountpointMounted(mountPoint)) {
302        LOGW("Rename attempt when src mounted");
303        errno = EBUSY;
304        goto out_err;
305    }
306
307    if (!access(asecFilename2, F_OK)) {
308        LOGE("Rename attempt when dst exists");
309        errno = EADDRINUSE;
310        goto out_err;
311    }
312
313    if (rename(asecFilename1, asecFilename2)) {
314        LOGE("Rename of '%s' to '%s' failed (%s)", asecFilename1, asecFilename2, strerror(errno));
315        goto out_err;
316    }
317
318    free(asecFilename1);
319    free(asecFilename2);
320    return 0;
321
322out_err:
323    free(asecFilename1);
324    free(asecFilename2);
325    return -1;
326}
327
328#define ASEC_UNMOUNT_RETRIES 5
329int VolumeManager::unmountAsec(const char *id, bool force) {
330    char asecFileName[255];
331    char mountPoint[255];
332
333    snprintf(asecFileName, sizeof(asecFileName),
334             "/sdcard/android_secure/%s.asec", id);
335    snprintf(mountPoint, sizeof(mountPoint), "/asec/%s", id);
336
337    if (!isMountpointMounted(mountPoint)) {
338        LOGE("Unmount request for ASEC %s when not mounted", id);
339        errno = EINVAL;
340        return -1;
341    }
342
343    int i, rc;
344    for (i = 1; i <= ASEC_UNMOUNT_RETRIES; i++) {
345        rc = umount(mountPoint);
346        if (!rc) {
347            break;
348        }
349        if (rc && (errno == EINVAL || errno == ENOENT)) {
350            rc = 0;
351            break;
352        }
353        LOGW("ASEC %s unmount attempt %d failed (%s)",
354              id, i, strerror(errno));
355
356        int action = 0; // default is to just complain
357
358        if (force) {
359            if (i > (ASEC_UNMOUNT_RETRIES - 2))
360                action = 2; // SIGKILL
361            else if (i > (ASEC_UNMOUNT_RETRIES - 3))
362                action = 1; // SIGHUP
363        }
364
365        Process::killProcessesWithOpenFiles(mountPoint, action);
366        usleep(1000 * 1000);
367    }
368
369    if (rc) {
370        errno = EBUSY;
371        LOGE("Failed to unmount container %s (%s)", id, strerror(errno));
372        return -1;
373    }
374
375    if (rmdir(mountPoint)) {
376        LOGE("Failed to rmdir mountpoint (%s)", strerror(errno));
377    }
378
379    if (Devmapper::destroy(id) && errno != ENXIO) {
380        LOGE("Failed to destroy devmapper instance (%s)", strerror(errno));
381    }
382
383    char loopDevice[255];
384    if (!Loop::lookupActive(asecFileName, loopDevice, sizeof(loopDevice))) {
385        Loop::destroyByDevice(loopDevice);
386    }
387
388    AsecIdCollection::iterator it;
389    for (it = mActiveContainers->begin(); it != mActiveContainers->end(); ++it) {
390        if (!strcmp(*it, id)) {
391            free(*it);
392            mActiveContainers->erase(it);
393            break;
394        }
395    }
396    if (it == mActiveContainers->end()) {
397        LOGW("mActiveContainers is inconsistent!");
398    }
399    return 0;
400}
401
402int VolumeManager::destroyAsec(const char *id, bool force) {
403    char asecFileName[255];
404    char mountPoint[255];
405
406    snprintf(asecFileName, sizeof(asecFileName),
407             "/sdcard/android_secure/%s.asec", id);
408    snprintf(mountPoint, sizeof(mountPoint), "/asec/%s", id);
409
410    if (isMountpointMounted(mountPoint)) {
411        LOGD("Unmounting container before destroy");
412        if (unmountAsec(id, force)) {
413            LOGE("Failed to unmount asec %s for destroy (%s)", id, strerror(errno));
414            return -1;
415        }
416    }
417
418    if (unlink(asecFileName)) {
419        LOGE("Failed to unlink asec '%s' (%s)", asecFileName, strerror(errno));
420        return -1;
421    }
422
423    LOGD("ASEC %s destroyed", id);
424    return 0;
425}
426
427int VolumeManager::mountAsec(const char *id, const char *key, int ownerUid) {
428    char asecFileName[255];
429    char mountPoint[255];
430
431    snprintf(asecFileName, sizeof(asecFileName),
432             "/sdcard/android_secure/%s.asec", id);
433    snprintf(mountPoint, sizeof(mountPoint), "/asec/%s", id);
434
435    if (isMountpointMounted(mountPoint)) {
436        LOGE("ASEC %s already mounted", id);
437        errno = EBUSY;
438        return -1;
439    }
440
441    char loopDevice[255];
442    if (Loop::lookupActive(asecFileName, loopDevice, sizeof(loopDevice))) {
443        if (Loop::create(asecFileName, loopDevice, sizeof(loopDevice))) {
444            LOGE("ASEC loop device creation failed (%s)", strerror(errno));
445            return -1;
446        }
447        LOGD("New loop device created at %s", loopDevice);
448    } else {
449        LOGD("Found active loopback for %s at %s", asecFileName, loopDevice);
450    }
451
452    char dmDevice[255];
453    bool cleanupDm = false;
454    if (strcmp(key, "none")) {
455        if (Devmapper::lookupActive(id, dmDevice, sizeof(dmDevice))) {
456            unsigned int nr_sec = 0;
457            int fd;
458
459            if ((fd = open(loopDevice, O_RDWR)) < 0) {
460                LOGE("Failed to open loopdevice (%s)", strerror(errno));
461                Loop::destroyByDevice(loopDevice);
462                return -1;
463            }
464
465            if (ioctl(fd, BLKGETSIZE, &nr_sec)) {
466                LOGE("Failed to get loop size (%s)", strerror(errno));
467                Loop::destroyByDevice(loopDevice);
468                close(fd);
469                return -1;
470            }
471            close(fd);
472            if (Devmapper::create(id, loopDevice, key, nr_sec,
473                                  dmDevice, sizeof(dmDevice))) {
474                LOGE("ASEC device mapping failed (%s)", strerror(errno));
475                Loop::destroyByDevice(loopDevice);
476                return -1;
477            }
478            LOGD("New devmapper instance created at %s", dmDevice);
479        } else {
480            LOGD("Found active devmapper for %s at %s", asecFileName, dmDevice);
481        }
482        cleanupDm = true;
483    } else {
484        strcpy(dmDevice, loopDevice);
485    }
486
487    if (mkdir(mountPoint, 0777)) {
488        if (errno != EEXIST) {
489            LOGE("Mountpoint creation failed (%s)", strerror(errno));
490            if (cleanupDm) {
491                Devmapper::destroy(id);
492            }
493            Loop::destroyByDevice(loopDevice);
494            return -1;
495        }
496    }
497
498    if (Fat::doMount(dmDevice, mountPoint, true, false, ownerUid, 0,
499                     0222, false)) {
500//                     0227, false)) {
501        LOGE("ASEC mount failed (%s)", strerror(errno));
502        if (cleanupDm) {
503            Devmapper::destroy(id);
504        }
505        Loop::destroyByDevice(loopDevice);
506        return -1;
507    }
508
509    mActiveContainers->push_back(strdup(id));
510    LOGD("ASEC %s mounted", id);
511    return 0;
512}
513
514int VolumeManager::mountVolume(const char *label) {
515    Volume *v = lookupVolume(label);
516
517    if (!v) {
518        errno = ENOENT;
519        return -1;
520    }
521
522    return v->mountVol();
523}
524
525int VolumeManager::shareAvailable(const char *method, bool *avail) {
526
527    if (strcmp(method, "ums")) {
528        errno = ENOSYS;
529        return -1;
530    }
531
532    if (mUsbMassStorageConnected)
533        *avail = true;
534    else
535        *avail = false;
536    return 0;
537}
538
539int VolumeManager::shareEnabled(const char *label, const char *method, bool *enabled) {
540    Volume *v = lookupVolume(label);
541
542    if (!v) {
543        errno = ENOENT;
544        return -1;
545    }
546
547    if (strcmp(method, "ums")) {
548        errno = ENOSYS;
549        return -1;
550    }
551
552    if (v->getState() != Volume::State_Shared) {
553        *enabled = false;
554    } else {
555        *enabled = true;
556    }
557    return 0;
558}
559
560int VolumeManager::simulate(const char *cmd, const char *arg) {
561
562    if (!strcmp(cmd, "ums")) {
563        if (!strcmp(arg, "connect")) {
564            notifyUmsConnected(true);
565        } else if (!strcmp(arg, "disconnect")) {
566            notifyUmsConnected(false);
567        } else {
568            errno = EINVAL;
569            return -1;
570        }
571    } else {
572        errno = EINVAL;
573        return -1;
574    }
575    return 0;
576}
577
578int VolumeManager::shareVolume(const char *label, const char *method) {
579    Volume *v = lookupVolume(label);
580
581    if (!v) {
582        errno = ENOENT;
583        return -1;
584    }
585
586    /*
587     * Eventually, we'll want to support additional share back-ends,
588     * some of which may work while the media is mounted. For now,
589     * we just support UMS
590     */
591    if (strcmp(method, "ums")) {
592        errno = ENOSYS;
593        return -1;
594    }
595
596    if (v->getState() == Volume::State_NoMedia) {
597        errno = ENODEV;
598        return -1;
599    }
600
601    if (v->getState() != Volume::State_Idle) {
602        // You need to unmount manually befoe sharing
603        errno = EBUSY;
604        return -1;
605    }
606
607    dev_t d = v->getDiskDevice();
608    if ((MAJOR(d) == 0) && (MINOR(d) == 0)) {
609        // This volume does not support raw disk access
610        errno = EINVAL;
611        return -1;
612    }
613
614    int fd;
615    char nodepath[255];
616    snprintf(nodepath,
617             sizeof(nodepath), "/dev/block/vold/%d:%d",
618             MAJOR(d), MINOR(d));
619
620    if ((fd = open("/sys/devices/platform/usb_mass_storage/lun0/file",
621                   O_WRONLY)) < 0) {
622        LOGE("Unable to open ums lunfile (%s)", strerror(errno));
623        return -1;
624    }
625
626    if (write(fd, nodepath, strlen(nodepath)) < 0) {
627        LOGE("Unable to write to ums lunfile (%s)", strerror(errno));
628        close(fd);
629        return -1;
630    }
631
632    close(fd);
633    v->handleVolumeShared();
634    return 0;
635}
636
637int VolumeManager::unshareVolume(const char *label, const char *method) {
638    Volume *v = lookupVolume(label);
639
640    if (!v) {
641        errno = ENOENT;
642        return -1;
643    }
644
645    if (strcmp(method, "ums")) {
646        errno = ENOSYS;
647        return -1;
648    }
649
650    if (v->getState() != Volume::State_Shared) {
651        errno = EINVAL;
652        return -1;
653    }
654
655    dev_t d = v->getDiskDevice();
656
657    int fd;
658    char nodepath[255];
659    snprintf(nodepath,
660             sizeof(nodepath), "/dev/block/vold/%d:%d",
661             MAJOR(d), MINOR(d));
662
663    if ((fd = open("/sys/devices/platform/usb_mass_storage/lun0/file", O_WRONLY)) < 0) {
664        LOGE("Unable to open ums lunfile (%s)", strerror(errno));
665        return -1;
666    }
667
668    char ch = 0;
669    if (write(fd, &ch, 1) < 0) {
670        LOGE("Unable to write to ums lunfile (%s)", strerror(errno));
671        close(fd);
672        return -1;
673    }
674
675    close(fd);
676    v->handleVolumeUnshared();
677    return 0;
678}
679
680int VolumeManager::unmountVolume(const char *label, bool force) {
681    Volume *v = lookupVolume(label);
682
683    if (!v) {
684        errno = ENOENT;
685        return -1;
686    }
687
688    if (v->getState() == Volume::State_NoMedia) {
689        errno = ENODEV;
690        return -1;
691    }
692
693    if (v->getState() != Volume::State_Mounted) {
694        LOGW("Attempt to unmount volume which isn't mounted (%d)\n",
695             v->getState());
696        errno = EBUSY;
697        return -1;
698    }
699
700    while(mActiveContainers->size()) {
701        AsecIdCollection::iterator it = mActiveContainers->begin();
702        LOGI("Unmounting ASEC %s (dependant on %s)", *it, v->getMountpoint());
703        if (unmountAsec(*it, force)) {
704            LOGE("Failed to unmount ASEC %s (%s) - unmount of %s may fail!", *it,
705                 strerror(errno), v->getMountpoint());
706        }
707    }
708
709    return v->unmountVol(force);
710}
711
712/*
713 * Looks up a volume by it's label or mount-point
714 */
715Volume *VolumeManager::lookupVolume(const char *label) {
716    VolumeCollection::iterator i;
717
718    for (i = mVolumes->begin(); i != mVolumes->end(); ++i) {
719        if (label[0] == '/') {
720            if (!strcmp(label, (*i)->getMountpoint()))
721                return (*i);
722        } else {
723            if (!strcmp(label, (*i)->getLabel()))
724                return (*i);
725        }
726    }
727    return NULL;
728}
729
730bool VolumeManager::isMountpointMounted(const char *mp)
731{
732    char device[256];
733    char mount_path[256];
734    char rest[256];
735    FILE *fp;
736    char line[1024];
737
738    if (!(fp = fopen("/proc/mounts", "r"))) {
739        LOGE("Error opening /proc/mounts (%s)", strerror(errno));
740        return false;
741    }
742
743    while(fgets(line, sizeof(line), fp)) {
744        line[strlen(line)-1] = '\0';
745        sscanf(line, "%255s %255s %255s\n", device, mount_path, rest);
746        if (!strcmp(mount_path, mp)) {
747            fclose(fp);
748            return true;
749        }
750
751    }
752
753    fclose(fp);
754    return false;
755}
756
757