ExplodedGraph.h revision c9963132736782d0c9178c744b3e2307cfb98a08
1//=-- ExplodedGraph.h - Local, Path-Sens. "Exploded Graph" -*- C++ -*-------==//
2//
3//                     The LLVM Compiler Infrastructure
4//
5// This file is distributed under the University of Illinois Open Source
6// License. See LICENSE.TXT for details.
7//
8//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
9//
10//  This file defines the template classes ExplodedNode and ExplodedGraph,
11//  which represent a path-sensitive, intra-procedural "exploded graph."
12//  See "Precise interprocedural dataflow analysis via graph reachability"
13//  by Reps, Horwitz, and Sagiv
14//  (http://portal.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=199462) for the definition of an
15//  exploded graph.
16//
17//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
18
19#ifndef LLVM_CLANG_GR_EXPLODEDGRAPH
20#define LLVM_CLANG_GR_EXPLODEDGRAPH
21
22#include "clang/AST/Decl.h"
23#include "clang/Analysis/AnalysisContext.h"
24#include "clang/Analysis/ProgramPoint.h"
25#include "clang/Analysis/Support/BumpVector.h"
26#include "clang/StaticAnalyzer/Core/PathSensitive/ProgramState.h"
27#include "llvm/ADT/DepthFirstIterator.h"
28#include "llvm/ADT/FoldingSet.h"
29#include "llvm/ADT/GraphTraits.h"
30#include "llvm/ADT/OwningPtr.h"
31#include "llvm/ADT/SmallPtrSet.h"
32#include "llvm/ADT/SmallVector.h"
33#include "llvm/Support/Allocator.h"
34#include "llvm/Support/Casting.h"
35#include <vector>
36
37namespace clang {
38
39class CFG;
40
41namespace ento {
42
43class ExplodedGraph;
44
45//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
46// ExplodedGraph "implementation" classes.  These classes are not typed to
47// contain a specific kind of state.  Typed-specialized versions are defined
48// on top of these classes.
49//===----------------------------------------------------------------------===//
50
51// ExplodedNode is not constified all over the engine because we need to add
52// successors to it at any time after creating it.
53
54class ExplodedNode : public llvm::FoldingSetNode {
55  friend class ExplodedGraph;
56  friend class CoreEngine;
57  friend class NodeBuilder;
58  friend class BranchNodeBuilder;
59  friend class IndirectGotoNodeBuilder;
60  friend class SwitchNodeBuilder;
61  friend class EndOfFunctionNodeBuilder;
62
63  /// Efficiently stores a list of ExplodedNodes, or an optional flag.
64  ///
65  /// NodeGroup provides opaque storage for a list of ExplodedNodes, optimizing
66  /// for the case when there is only one node in the group. This is a fairly
67  /// common case in an ExplodedGraph, where most nodes have only one
68  /// predecessor and many have only one successor. It can also be used to
69  /// store a flag rather than a node list, which ExplodedNode uses to mark
70  /// whether a node is a sink. If the flag is set, the group is implicitly
71  /// empty and no nodes may be added.
72  class NodeGroup {
73    // Conceptually a discriminated union. If the low bit is set, the node is
74    // a sink. If the low bit is not set, the pointer refers to the storage
75    // for the nodes in the group.
76    // This is not a PointerIntPair in order to keep the storage type opaque.
77    uintptr_t P;
78
79  public:
80    NodeGroup(bool Flag = false) : P(Flag) {
81      assert(getFlag() == Flag);
82    }
83
84    ExplodedNode * const *begin() const;
85
86    ExplodedNode * const *end() const;
87
88    unsigned size() const;
89
90    bool empty() const { return P == 0 || getFlag() != 0; }
91
92    /// Adds a node to the list.
93    ///
94    /// The group must not have been created with its flag set.
95    void addNode(ExplodedNode *N, ExplodedGraph &G);
96
97    /// Replaces the single node in this group with a new node.
98    ///
99    /// Note that this should only be used when you know the group was not
100    /// created with its flag set, and that the group is empty or contains
101    /// only a single node.
102    void replaceNode(ExplodedNode *node);
103
104    /// Returns whether this group was created with its flag set.
105    bool getFlag() const {
106      return (P & 1);
107    }
108  };
109
110  /// Location - The program location (within a function body) associated
111  ///  with this node.
112  const ProgramPoint Location;
113
114  /// State - The state associated with this node.
115  ProgramStateRef State;
116
117  /// Preds - The predecessors of this node.
118  NodeGroup Preds;
119
120  /// Succs - The successors of this node.
121  NodeGroup Succs;
122
123public:
124
125  explicit ExplodedNode(const ProgramPoint &loc, ProgramStateRef state,
126                        bool IsSink)
127    : Location(loc), State(state), Succs(IsSink) {
128    assert(isSink() == IsSink);
129  }
130
131  ~ExplodedNode() {}
132
133  /// getLocation - Returns the edge associated with the given node.
134  ProgramPoint getLocation() const { return Location; }
135
136  const LocationContext *getLocationContext() const {
137    return getLocation().getLocationContext();
138  }
139
140  const StackFrameContext *getStackFrame() const {
141    return getLocationContext()->getCurrentStackFrame();
142  }
143
144  const Decl &getCodeDecl() const { return *getLocationContext()->getDecl(); }
145
146  CFG &getCFG() const { return *getLocationContext()->getCFG(); }
147
148  ParentMap &getParentMap() const {return getLocationContext()->getParentMap();}
149
150  template <typename T>
151  T &getAnalysis() const {
152    return *getLocationContext()->getAnalysis<T>();
153  }
154
155  const ProgramStateRef &getState() const { return State; }
156
157  template <typename T>
158  Optional<T> getLocationAs() const LLVM_LVALUE_FUNCTION {
159    return Location.getAs<T>();
160  }
161
162  static void Profile(llvm::FoldingSetNodeID &ID,
163                      const ProgramPoint &Loc,
164                      const ProgramStateRef &state,
165                      bool IsSink) {
166    ID.Add(Loc);
167    ID.AddPointer(state.getPtr());
168    ID.AddBoolean(IsSink);
169  }
170
171  void Profile(llvm::FoldingSetNodeID& ID) const {
172    // We avoid copy constructors by not using accessors.
173    Profile(ID, Location, State, isSink());
174  }
175
176  /// addPredeccessor - Adds a predecessor to the current node, and
177  ///  in tandem add this node as a successor of the other node.
178  void addPredecessor(ExplodedNode *V, ExplodedGraph &G);
179
180  unsigned succ_size() const { return Succs.size(); }
181  unsigned pred_size() const { return Preds.size(); }
182  bool succ_empty() const { return Succs.empty(); }
183  bool pred_empty() const { return Preds.empty(); }
184
185  bool isSink() const { return Succs.getFlag(); }
186
187   bool hasSinglePred() const {
188    return (pred_size() == 1);
189  }
190
191  ExplodedNode *getFirstPred() {
192    return pred_empty() ? NULL : *(pred_begin());
193  }
194
195  const ExplodedNode *getFirstPred() const {
196    return const_cast<ExplodedNode*>(this)->getFirstPred();
197  }
198
199  // Iterators over successor and predecessor vertices.
200  typedef ExplodedNode*       const *       succ_iterator;
201  typedef const ExplodedNode* const * const_succ_iterator;
202  typedef ExplodedNode*       const *       pred_iterator;
203  typedef const ExplodedNode* const * const_pred_iterator;
204
205  pred_iterator pred_begin() { return Preds.begin(); }
206  pred_iterator pred_end() { return Preds.end(); }
207
208  const_pred_iterator pred_begin() const {
209    return const_cast<ExplodedNode*>(this)->pred_begin();
210  }
211  const_pred_iterator pred_end() const {
212    return const_cast<ExplodedNode*>(this)->pred_end();
213  }
214
215  succ_iterator succ_begin() { return Succs.begin(); }
216  succ_iterator succ_end() { return Succs.end(); }
217
218  const_succ_iterator succ_begin() const {
219    return const_cast<ExplodedNode*>(this)->succ_begin();
220  }
221  const_succ_iterator succ_end() const {
222    return const_cast<ExplodedNode*>(this)->succ_end();
223  }
224
225  // For debugging.
226
227public:
228
229  class Auditor {
230  public:
231    virtual ~Auditor();
232    virtual void AddEdge(ExplodedNode *Src, ExplodedNode *Dst) = 0;
233  };
234
235  static void SetAuditor(Auditor* A);
236
237private:
238  void replaceSuccessor(ExplodedNode *node) { Succs.replaceNode(node); }
239  void replacePredecessor(ExplodedNode *node) { Preds.replaceNode(node); }
240};
241
242typedef llvm::DenseMap<const ExplodedNode *, const ExplodedNode *>
243        InterExplodedGraphMap;
244
245class ExplodedGraph {
246protected:
247  friend class CoreEngine;
248
249  // Type definitions.
250  typedef std::vector<ExplodedNode *> NodeVector;
251
252  /// The roots of the simulation graph. Usually there will be only
253  /// one, but clients are free to establish multiple subgraphs within a single
254  /// SimulGraph. Moreover, these subgraphs can often merge when paths from
255  /// different roots reach the same state at the same program location.
256  NodeVector Roots;
257
258  /// The nodes in the simulation graph which have been
259  /// specially marked as the endpoint of an abstract simulation path.
260  NodeVector EndNodes;
261
262  /// Nodes - The nodes in the graph.
263  llvm::FoldingSet<ExplodedNode> Nodes;
264
265  /// BVC - Allocator and context for allocating nodes and their predecessor
266  /// and successor groups.
267  BumpVectorContext BVC;
268
269  /// NumNodes - The number of nodes in the graph.
270  unsigned NumNodes;
271
272  /// A list of recently allocated nodes that can potentially be recycled.
273  NodeVector ChangedNodes;
274
275  /// A list of nodes that can be reused.
276  NodeVector FreeNodes;
277
278  /// Determines how often nodes are reclaimed.
279  ///
280  /// If this is 0, nodes will never be reclaimed.
281  unsigned ReclaimNodeInterval;
282
283  /// Counter to determine when to reclaim nodes.
284  unsigned ReclaimCounter;
285
286public:
287
288  /// \brief Retrieve the node associated with a (Location,State) pair,
289  ///  where the 'Location' is a ProgramPoint in the CFG.  If no node for
290  ///  this pair exists, it is created. IsNew is set to true if
291  ///  the node was freshly created.
292  ExplodedNode *getNode(const ProgramPoint &L, ProgramStateRef State,
293                        bool IsSink = false,
294                        bool* IsNew = 0);
295
296  ExplodedGraph* MakeEmptyGraph() const {
297    return new ExplodedGraph();
298  }
299
300  /// addRoot - Add an untyped node to the set of roots.
301  ExplodedNode *addRoot(ExplodedNode *V) {
302    Roots.push_back(V);
303    return V;
304  }
305
306  /// addEndOfPath - Add an untyped node to the set of EOP nodes.
307  ExplodedNode *addEndOfPath(ExplodedNode *V) {
308    EndNodes.push_back(V);
309    return V;
310  }
311
312  ExplodedGraph();
313
314  ~ExplodedGraph();
315
316  unsigned num_roots() const { return Roots.size(); }
317  unsigned num_eops() const { return EndNodes.size(); }
318
319  bool empty() const { return NumNodes == 0; }
320  unsigned size() const { return NumNodes; }
321
322  // Iterators.
323  typedef ExplodedNode                        NodeTy;
324  typedef llvm::FoldingSet<ExplodedNode>      AllNodesTy;
325  typedef NodeVector::iterator                roots_iterator;
326  typedef NodeVector::const_iterator          const_roots_iterator;
327  typedef NodeVector::iterator                eop_iterator;
328  typedef NodeVector::const_iterator          const_eop_iterator;
329  typedef AllNodesTy::iterator                node_iterator;
330  typedef AllNodesTy::const_iterator          const_node_iterator;
331
332  node_iterator nodes_begin() { return Nodes.begin(); }
333
334  node_iterator nodes_end() { return Nodes.end(); }
335
336  const_node_iterator nodes_begin() const { return Nodes.begin(); }
337
338  const_node_iterator nodes_end() const { return Nodes.end(); }
339
340  roots_iterator roots_begin() { return Roots.begin(); }
341
342  roots_iterator roots_end() { return Roots.end(); }
343
344  const_roots_iterator roots_begin() const { return Roots.begin(); }
345
346  const_roots_iterator roots_end() const { return Roots.end(); }
347
348  eop_iterator eop_begin() { return EndNodes.begin(); }
349
350  eop_iterator eop_end() { return EndNodes.end(); }
351
352  const_eop_iterator eop_begin() const { return EndNodes.begin(); }
353
354  const_eop_iterator eop_end() const { return EndNodes.end(); }
355
356  llvm::BumpPtrAllocator & getAllocator() { return BVC.getAllocator(); }
357  BumpVectorContext &getNodeAllocator() { return BVC; }
358
359  typedef llvm::DenseMap<const ExplodedNode*, ExplodedNode*> NodeMap;
360
361  /// Creates a trimmed version of the graph that only contains paths leading
362  /// to the given nodes.
363  ///
364  /// \param Nodes The nodes which must appear in the final graph. Presumably
365  ///              these are end-of-path nodes (i.e. they have no successors).
366  /// \param[out] ForwardMap A optional map from nodes in this graph to nodes in
367  ///                        the returned graph.
368  /// \param[out] InverseMap An optional map from nodes in the returned graph to
369  ///                        nodes in this graph.
370  /// \returns The trimmed graph
371  ExplodedGraph *trim(ArrayRef<const NodeTy *> Nodes,
372                      InterExplodedGraphMap *ForwardMap = 0,
373                      InterExplodedGraphMap *InverseMap = 0) const;
374
375  /// Enable tracking of recently allocated nodes for potential reclamation
376  /// when calling reclaimRecentlyAllocatedNodes().
377  void enableNodeReclamation(unsigned Interval) {
378    ReclaimCounter = ReclaimNodeInterval = Interval;
379  }
380
381  /// Reclaim "uninteresting" nodes created since the last time this method
382  /// was called.
383  void reclaimRecentlyAllocatedNodes();
384
385  /// \brief Returns true if nodes for the given expression kind are always
386  ///        kept around.
387  static bool isInterestingLValueExpr(const Expr *Ex);
388
389private:
390  bool shouldCollect(const ExplodedNode *node);
391  void collectNode(ExplodedNode *node);
392};
393
394class ExplodedNodeSet {
395  typedef llvm::SmallPtrSet<ExplodedNode*,5> ImplTy;
396  ImplTy Impl;
397
398public:
399  ExplodedNodeSet(ExplodedNode *N) {
400    assert (N && !static_cast<ExplodedNode*>(N)->isSink());
401    Impl.insert(N);
402  }
403
404  ExplodedNodeSet() {}
405
406  inline void Add(ExplodedNode *N) {
407    if (N && !static_cast<ExplodedNode*>(N)->isSink()) Impl.insert(N);
408  }
409
410  typedef ImplTy::iterator       iterator;
411  typedef ImplTy::const_iterator const_iterator;
412
413  unsigned size() const { return Impl.size();  }
414  bool empty()    const { return Impl.empty(); }
415  bool erase(ExplodedNode *N) { return Impl.erase(N); }
416
417  void clear() { Impl.clear(); }
418  void insert(const ExplodedNodeSet &S) {
419    assert(&S != this);
420    if (empty())
421      Impl = S.Impl;
422    else
423      Impl.insert(S.begin(), S.end());
424  }
425
426  inline iterator begin() { return Impl.begin(); }
427  inline iterator end()   { return Impl.end();   }
428
429  inline const_iterator begin() const { return Impl.begin(); }
430  inline const_iterator end()   const { return Impl.end();   }
431};
432
433} // end GR namespace
434
435} // end clang namespace
436
437// GraphTraits
438
439namespace llvm {
440  template<> struct GraphTraits<clang::ento::ExplodedNode*> {
441    typedef clang::ento::ExplodedNode NodeType;
442    typedef NodeType::succ_iterator  ChildIteratorType;
443    typedef llvm::df_iterator<NodeType*>      nodes_iterator;
444
445    static inline NodeType* getEntryNode(NodeType* N) {
446      return N;
447    }
448
449    static inline ChildIteratorType child_begin(NodeType* N) {
450      return N->succ_begin();
451    }
452
453    static inline ChildIteratorType child_end(NodeType* N) {
454      return N->succ_end();
455    }
456
457    static inline nodes_iterator nodes_begin(NodeType* N) {
458      return df_begin(N);
459    }
460
461    static inline nodes_iterator nodes_end(NodeType* N) {
462      return df_end(N);
463    }
464  };
465
466  template<> struct GraphTraits<const clang::ento::ExplodedNode*> {
467    typedef const clang::ento::ExplodedNode NodeType;
468    typedef NodeType::const_succ_iterator   ChildIteratorType;
469    typedef llvm::df_iterator<NodeType*>       nodes_iterator;
470
471    static inline NodeType* getEntryNode(NodeType* N) {
472      return N;
473    }
474
475    static inline ChildIteratorType child_begin(NodeType* N) {
476      return N->succ_begin();
477    }
478
479    static inline ChildIteratorType child_end(NodeType* N) {
480      return N->succ_end();
481    }
482
483    static inline nodes_iterator nodes_begin(NodeType* N) {
484      return df_begin(N);
485    }
486
487    static inline nodes_iterator nodes_end(NodeType* N) {
488      return df_end(N);
489    }
490  };
491
492} // end llvm namespace
493
494#endif
495